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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

United Kingdom: Last All-male Oxford College Opens Doors to Women
# 07, July 2015
Oxford University's last remaining single-sex college will open its doors to women undergraduates following a recent vote, making it the last of the university's institutions to do so.Oxford traces its history to the 11th century and boasts British Prime Minister David Cameron and former US president Bill Clinton as alumni. The last all-female college went mixed in 2008.
United Kingdom: Government Identifies 190 Fake Universities
# 07, July 2015
A government service exposing fake, online universities has identified 190 bogus institutions selling qualifications as part of a multi-million pound industry, writes Callum Paton for International Business Times.The Higher Education Degree Datacheck, commissioned by the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, has discovered institutions such as the “University of Wolverhamton” (the “p” is missing) and Manchester University (University of Manchester is genuine) passing off degrees to unsuspecting students and willing fraudsters.
THAILAND: New Regional Timetable Overlooks Climatic Differences
# 07, July 2015
Lecturers from universities across Thailand have called for the government to forget about unity within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, and bring back the old academic timetable which keeps Thai universities closed during the hot season, writes Terry Fredrickson for Bangkok Post.In anticipation of the ASEAN Economic Community, Thailand recently changed its university semester dates to match other countries in ASEAN. Under the new timetable, the first semester runs from August to December and the second semester from January to May. Universities are closed from June to July, rather than April and May, the hottest months.
CHINA: Bogus Colleges Exposed in List
# 06, June 2015
Bearing names similar to top universities, China's fake colleges woo and swindle high school graduates through slick recruitment websites. A list released recently by sdaxue.com, a site that helps students choose higher education institutions, has exposed 60 Chinese "universities" or "colleges" as unaccredited diploma mills, reports Xinhua. The website published two similar lists in 2013 featuring different fake schools. The most recent list pushes the total number of exposed bogus colleges to 210. Of all the listed colleges, 83, or 44%, are located in Beijing, where many of the country's top universities are concentrated, according to sdaxue.com. Shanghai comes in second, with 15 fake colleges.
SAUDI ARABIA: Shoura Council Says No to Foreign Universities
# 06, June 2015
The Shoura Council has rejected the proposal of council member Saeed Al-Sheikh to permit foreign universities to open branches in the Kingdom due to concerns over breaching Saudi cultural traditions and gender segregation, reports Arab News.The decision was also based on the failure of the branches of universities in surrounding countries to transfer the latest technologies and the best professors. According to the council, there is no need to open branches of foreign universities in the Kingdom due to the success of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Scholarship Programme.
UNITED KINGDOM: University Eyes Global Closures over Cost Concerns
# 06, June 2015
University College London, or UCL, is considering closing down its international campuses as it dismantles its bricks and mortar presence outside the UK in favour of creating partnerships with existing institutions overseas.The decision, taken by Dame Nicola Brewer, UCL’s vice provost for international projects, reflects a growing concern among British universities about the cost of running satellite branches in new education markets. UCL will start winding down its Australian campus, which was originally established seven years ago, and is due to stop teaching in Kazakhstan this summer. Its campus in Qatar is under review.
EUROPE: Language Laws Repress Many Universities
# 05, May 2015
The rector of Maastricht University, the second youngest university in the Netherlands, claims that universities in Europe are being choked by the laws that compel them to use their native language as the medium of instruction instead of English.Professor Luc Soete said that international conventions emphasise that it is the human right of undergraduates to be taught in their native language. This means that educational institutions can only offer courses taught in English if the same courses are offered in the country’s native language.
MALTA: Requirements Reduced for Academic Institutions to Become Universities
# 05, May 2015
Recent changes to the Education Act have resulted in lower requirements for educational institutions to be recognised as universities.The changes in the country's education legislation were introduced in a Legal Notice published just three days after the Heads of Agreement was signed between the government and the Jordanian Sadeen Group, which is investing in the American University of Malta.Among those changes, a new proviso allows an accredited higher educational institute to apply for university status if the National Commission for Further and Higher Education "considers that such application is in the national interest and in fulfilment of national policies"."Changes in legislation reflect government policy, which promotes the pluralistic provision of further and higher education in Malta," the Education Ministry stated in reply to this newspaper's questions on the new legislation. 
SWITZERLAND: “Outward Looking” Universities Boost Sector Rankings
# 05, May 2015
Switzerland’s higher education system has been ranked second in the 2015 Universitas 21 global ratings, standing out on the criterion of ‘international outlook’. However, this is the area under threat after an anti-immigration vote last year.The ranking differs from more conventional university rankings such as those from the Times Higher Education and Shanghai – in which Swiss universities typically make the top 20 or 40 – in that it considers the higher education system as a whole. Universitas 21, or U21, project leader Ross Williams, who is based at the University of Melbourne, said: “The secret to Swiss success seems to be that its universities are very outward looking: they have strong links with industry and business and with other international researchers.”
EU edges Closer to Higher Education Targets
# 05, May 2015
Eurostat figures have revealed that the European Union is edging closer to its Europe 2020 target in education, writes Peter Taberner for Prague Post.The share of people who have attended a tertiary education college or equivalent, has risen from 23.6% in 2002, when the series started, to 37.9% in 2014, for those between the ages of 30 and 34. Women have benefited the most from this increasing trend, as 42.3% have now been university educated or completed a course at a higher technical education institution, up to last year. The latest figures have confirmed a 17.8% rise in learning achievement for women compared to 2002, as back then 23.6% had completed tertiary education courses.
INDIA: Bigger Role for Adjunct Faculty in Universities
# 05, May 2015
Indian universities and higher education institutions which are facing acute shortages of teachers can now fill up to 25% of sanctioned posts with adjunct faculty drawn from industry, non-resident Indians, public sector undertakings, working and retired officers of central and state civil services and even from non-governmental organisations, writes Kanchan Srivastava for Daily News & Analysis.These professionals need not even meet the educational qualification criteria as prescribed by the University Grants Commission, or UGC, for the post of professor. Their special skills and domain knowledge will be enough to qualify them to become adjunct faculty in universities and colleges, say recent guidelines issued by the UGC for employment of adjunct faculty. 
EUROPE: Language Accreditation up in Universities
# 05, May 2015
Europe’s leading quality monitoring organisation in language education, EAQUALS, has seen growing interest from universities keen to accredit courses in foreign languages as they aim to internationalise campuses, writes Sara Custer for The PIE News.EAQUALS, or Evaluation and Accreditation of Quality in Language Services, Executive Director Sarah Aitken said that universities now make up about a quarter of total enquiries to the organisation which has traditionally served private language education providers. Currently just three universities are part of EAQUALS’ 25 accredited members and 26 associate members.
TURKEY: Government Imposes Stiff Standards for Study Abroad
# 05, May 2015
Turkish students who study abroad must do so at a top-500 ranked university or take the domestic higher education entrance exam in order for their qualifications to be recognised by the government, under new regulations put in place by the Higher Education Council of Turkey, known as YÖK, writes Beckie Smith for The PIE News.The new regulations, which apply only to undergraduates, have been sparked by a large number of complaints to YÖK that students had been accepted onto substandard courses abroad that were being taught by unqualified staff, it said in a statement. “Students who could not gain a place at a Turkish university have easily received offers abroad without much effort. This has damaged public morale.”
GERMANY: Researchers Welcome €5 Billion Science Funding Boost
# 04, April 2015
Germany’s ruling political parties have agreed to plough €5 billion (US$5.4 billion) more into science from 2018 to 2028. The deal, announced on 16 April, is not a government commitment, but it is a strong indication that the country will continue its healthy support for scientific research, writes Quirin Schiermeier for Nature.“This agreement proves that world-class science and excellent young researchers are top political priorities in Germany,” says Wolfgang Herrmann, president of the Technical University of Munich. “It will strengthen the competitiveness of German science in Europe and throughout the world.”
IRELAND: Students Get Academics to Write Essays for €50 an Hour
# 04, April 2015
A proliferation of online services for third-level students offering “pay as you go” essays has prompted universities to review their policies against plagiarism, write Joe Humphreys and Michael O’Byrne for The Irish Times.Dublin City University is one of a number of institutions that are altering their methods of assessment, in tandem with the roll-out of “cut-and-paste” detection software, to combat the threat of academic fraud. The Irish Times has identified a number of Irish students using websites such as Odesk.com and Elance.com where they have posted ads seeking freelance academics to write essays for them at a rate of up to €50 (US$54) an hour.
TAIWAN: University Subsidy Funding to be Decreased
# 04, April 2015
Subsidy funding for universities in the five-year-plan era will shrink by 15% from next year following a report by the Legislative Yuan’s Budget Center that said the plan has failed to meet three intended targets, as well as noting National Taiwan University’s first-ever slide in its world ranking, write Wu Po-hsuan, Rachel Lin and Jake Chung for Taipei Times.The plan is the second stage of the Road to Top Notch Universities Project that began in 2011, with the Ministry of Education allocating TWD$50 billion (US$1.6 billion) over five years to universities in the hope of boosting research facilities and international reputations.
PAKISTAN: Institution Numbers Rise, but Quality is Sinking
# 04, April 2015
As the number of public sector universities has increased sharply during the last decade, the declining standards of teaching and research work, plagiarism, mismanagement, financial irregularities and establishment of illegal campuses pose a major challenge to policy-makers and higher education managers, writes Riazul Haq for The Express Tribune.According to Higher Education Commission, or HEC, data, the number of public universities has increased 400%, from 30 in 2002 to over 160 in 2015. But when it comes to quality of administration and teaching faculty, most of the universities have failed to meet the standards.
MALAYSIA: Prime Minister Launches Education Blueprint
# 04, April 2015
Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak on Tuesday launched the Malaysian Education Blueprint (Higher Education), aimed at preparing the country's tertiary education system to meet the challenges of the future, reports New Straits Times.Najib said the higher education system's overarching goal was to achieve three main targets, dubbed the three Bs: bakat (talent), benchmarking to global standards, and balance. The system, he said, must be able to generate talent in order to be globally competitive. “In order to do that, we must monitor our performance against international benchmarks. We want to be among the top third in the world in higher education – that is our target,” he said while launching the blueprint in Kuala Lumpur.
HUNGARY: Number of Students Admitted Falls 20% since 2010
# 04, April 2015
The number of students admitted to higher education institutions in Hungary has fallen by over 20% since 2010, according to a report issued by the Center for International Higher Education Studies. This makes Hungary one of the few OECD member states in which the number of higher education students has declined over the past four years, reports Hungary Today. Although figures are still unavailable for the year 2015, experts do not expect a large increase in the number of applicants and claim that rapid changes in rules applying to university and college admissions have had a negative effect on students’ willingness to study in higher education. 
CHINA: Universities Urged to Adhere to Socialism
# 04, April 2015
A senior leader of the Communist Party of China has urged the country's universities to improve education of socialism on campus. Liu Yunshan, a standing committee member of the political bureau of the Communist Party Central Committee, made the remarks at a meeting with party chiefs and presidents of 12 universities, reports Xinhua. Universities should improve the education of Marxism, socialism with Chinese characteristics and guiding principles from President Xi Jinping's major speeches, Liu said. Socialist core values should be incorporated into college education so as to nurture “the confidence in our path, theory and system”, he said. 
 
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