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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

SOUTH KOREA: Government to Establish Special Body for Software-oriented Universities
# 11, November 2015
The Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning will establish a special committee to foster university-level software education as part of its drive to produce more software specialists.The committee, which will be established late this year, will serve as a venue to build closer ties between universities and companies to get the nation's software education on par with global standards, the ministry said."The nation's software industry is losing competitiveness, largely due to a lack of professional manpower," minister Choi Yang-hee said during a press conference with university presidents, at Sogang University in Sinchon, central Seoul.Last month, the ministry named eight schools as software-oriented universities, pledging to invest 2 billion won ($1.75 million) in them annually. Forty universities across the nation previously applied for the government-led software education project.The ministry also unveiled a plan to select 20 software-oriented universities by 2019.
VIETNAM: Many Universities Cannot Reach VN National Standards
# 11, November 2015
According to Deputy Minister of Education and Training Bui Van Ga, universities will be classified based on six criteria, including the land area, material facilities & teaching equipment; teaching & research staff; training curricula; research activities, international cooperation, finance situation, accreditation; and student and employer satisfaction levels.The percentage of school graduates who can find jobs soon after they finish school is considered an important index that measures the training quality of schools. One requirement for national standards is that at least 70 percent of graduates can find jobs suitable with their majors within one year after graduation. Schools need to have 80 percent of final-year students satisfied with the training curriculums and learning environments as well.A series of other requirements have also been set: 80 percent of students who finished school in the past three years are satisfied about the practicability of the training curricula and the capability of being adapted to the working environment. 70 percent of employers are satisfied about the quality of the graduates of the schools.Regarding the qualification of the teaching staff, schools must have their permanent teaching staff handling at least 80 percent of the teaching program. At least 40 percent of permanent lecturers at research-oriented schools must have doctorates. The figures are 25 percent for application-oriented and 10 percent for practice-oriented schools.
CHINA: Ideological Grip at Odds with Educational Aims
# 11, November 2015
A new government plan to create ‘world class’ universities in the coming decades could be undermined by the Communist Party's determination to keep a firm ideological grip over education, writes Li Jing for South China Morning Post.In a plan released recently, the State Council called for the nation to become "a world power of higher education" by 2050. Some disciplines and institutions should be elevated to global standard by 2020, and the number should be increased over the ensuing decade, it said, without giving specifics or criteria. The blueprint also called for stronger party leadership and ideological work at higher education institutions.
UNITED KINGDOM: Scientists Launch Campaign to Oppose EU Exit
# 10, October 2015
Several leading scientists have voiced their support for a campaign for the United Kingdom to stay in the European Union, warning that an exit would harm the country’s research base, writes Emma Stoye for Chemistry World.The ‘Scientists for EU’ advocacy group began as a campaign on social media which was set up by Mike Galsworthy, a research policy specialist and researcher at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Rob Davidson, a data scientist for the online journal GigaScience. The pair set up the group the day after the Conservatives won the UK general election, confirming that a referendum on the country’s EU membership would go ahead.
CANADA: Sharp Rise in Professors Hired to Teach
# 10, October 2015
Many Canadian universities are seeing a sharp increase in the number of professors hired to primarily teach rather than research. While that may be good news for students, the change could threaten the mission of universities, writes Simona Chiose for The Globe and Mail.More than 40 Canadian universities provided The Globe and Mail with data on their faculty ranks. In spite of differences among universities, what becomes clear is that teaching-focused positions have seen consistent and sharp increases at many of the country’s most prominent post-secondary institutions, and the model is growing at smaller universities as well.
AUSTRALIA: Lesser-known Universities Achieve Best Job Outcomes
# 10, October 2015
Graduates from many of the little-known regional universities have a better chance of getting a job than those from top institutions in big cities, according to new data from the federal government that allows the job outcomes of universities to be compared for the first time, write Tim Dodd and Edmund Tadros for the Australian Financial Review.Top-performing institutions include the Northern Territory's Charles Darwin University and Armidale's University of New England, where 89% of graduates with business and management bachelor degrees have jobs within four months of graduation. In the competitive business and management discipline, these two are closely followed by the New South Wales regional Charles Sturt University, the University of Southern Queensland and Central Queensland University.
NORTH KOREA: Japanese Falls from Favor at Elite Pyongyang University amid Ongoing Diplomatic Tensions
# 10, October 2015
Until a decade ago or so, Japanese was one of the most popular languages studied by elite students in North Korea, even though the two countries have never had good relations, diplomatic or otherwise.But today the situation is very different. At the only North Korean university where students can major in Japanese, classes of the language are sparsely attended, while mastering English or Chinese is increasingly viewed as the surest way to get a good job.When Kyodo News was granted rare access to Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies in September, officials disclosed that only about 40 students are currently specializing in Japanese at the institution.“In 2015, there were very few students wishing to study Japanese,” Kim Son Il, chief of the Japanese department, said. “In the next several years, it is really possible we might see four or five students in the course.”
VIETNAM: Private Universities Struggle to Attract Students
# 10, October 2015
After a boom in 2005-10, many private-owned universities and colleges in Vietnam are now struggling to survive losses caused by a critical shortage of students.A report in Tuoi Tre newspaper Thursday said around 10 of them have been sold in recent years in the southern region alone.The acquisition market is especially bustling in Ho Chi Minh City, which currently has 74 universities and colleges - the second highest number after Hanoi’s 114 – it said.Private-owned universities and colleges first reported difficulties in enrolling students in 2012, two years after Vietnam's higher education system saw a boom that led to the establishment of 124 schools in 2005-10.That year many private schools only managed to fill up 30-40 percent of their classes, Saigon Giai Phong newspaper recently reported.
AUSTRALIA: Group of Eight universities: End Australia's 'broken, mediocre' research system
# 10, October 2015
Australia will not develop the innovative economy envisaged by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull unless it stops rewarding mediocrity and ditches a culture of "every child gets a prize", the nation's most prestigious universities argue.The Group of Eight universities – including the University of Sydney and University of Melbourne – is urging the federal government to fix the country's "broken" research funding system by targeting taxpayer funds at research judged to be of high quality.This includes a contentious push for $680 million in annual funding for PhD and master's research to be restricted to institutions rated at or above world standard in their chosen fields.
VIETNAM: New Model University Project halted
# 09, September 2015
Vietnam will not co-operate with any foreign governments to open more universities until at least 2020, according to a new decision by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, reports VietnamNet Bridge.The prime minister requested a focus on developing the existing two national universities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City into leading universities which will gradually reach regional and world standards. He also said the three existing universities in the New Model University Project, including the Vietnamese-German University, the Hanoi University of Science and Technology, and the Vietnam-Japan University, needed to be developed into world-class universities.
NETHERLANDS: Universities Get Tougher on Masters Degree Students
# 09, September 2015
An increasing number of Dutch universities are rejecting prospective masters degree students who don’t average scores of at least seven in their bachelor degree subjects, reports DutchNews.nl.According to the Volkskrant, Rotterdam School of Management has introduced a minimum bachelor pass rate for all subjects. Students who wish to study politics at a higher level need an average score of seven in their bachelor degree papers, to write a motivational letter and to pass a test in English to win a place. The same applies to politics in Leiden and is being introduced for archaeology masters degrees.
POLAND: New Measures Aim to Attract More Foreign Students
# 09, September 2015
The Polish government has introduced measures to promote further internationalisation of its higher education system by bringing in more foreign students, writes Matthew Reisz for Times Higher Education.There are currently about 46,000 foreign students studying in Polish universities. This in itself represents an increase of about 10,000 (or close to 30%) over the previous year. Yet new regulations introduced on 7 August are designed to provide further impetus to this trend by making conditions for study and research even more attractive.
JAPAN: 26 Universities to Abolish Humanities, Social Sciences
# 09, September 2015
Nearly half of the 60 national universities with humanities and social science faculties plan to abolish those departments in the 2016 academic year or later, according to a survey conducted by The Yomiuri Shimbun.Conducted among presidents of national universities across the country, the survey found that 26 intended to eliminate these departments.The universities will stop recruiting students for a combined total of at least 1,300 places, mainly in their teacher training faculties. Some of these slots will be allocated to newly established faculties.The survey highlighted the wave of reform sweeping over humanities and social science faculties.
Australian Babblers Use Human Language’s Key Element According to Study
# 08, August 2015
University of Zurich PhD student, Dr. Sabrina Engesser has recently published a new study which revealed that an Australian bird, the chestnut-crowned babbler (pied babbler) uses a key element in human language. By stringing a combination of sounds to form new meanings, the pied babbler is communicating through a language that is similar to how humans are able to form substantive words.The bird, which is only found in the arid zone of Australia creates many sounds, and by rearranging the sounds into different combinations for its calls, the pied babbler was able to communicate. The way the pied babbler does it is different from creating several sounds to form a complex song that has no particular meaning like other song birds do.
Government Eyes New Social Studies Subjects for High Schools
# 08, August 2015
The government is considering introducing new compulsory subjects in high schools, including in the area of social studies, partly because of a cut in the voting age to 18, it was learned Wednesday.One of the new subjects is "kokyo," or public affairs, in which students will acquire knowledge necessary for participation in civil society.The public offices election law was revised in June to lower the voting age from 20 to 18, giving some high school students the right to vote.The lower voting age will likely be applied from the House of Councillors election slated for summer next year.
GREECE: Universities Lose Access to Digital Journals
# 07, July 2015
The latest victims of Greece’s crisis have been students and academics who have lost access to electronic journals, a vital source to continue their research and studies, due to non-payment, writes Anastasios Papapostolou for the Greek Reporter.The Hellenic Academic Libraries Link, or HEAL-Link, the internet portal that provides scientists in many Greek universities and research institutes with access to electronic journals, did not pay the subscription to its 27 publishers that provide those texts.
PAKISTAN: Education Body Plans Five New Universities, 36 Campuses
# 07, July 2015
The Higher Education Commission plans to set up five new universities and 36 campuses besides upgrading nine existing institutions into fully-fledged university campuses across the country, writes Riazul Haq for The Express Tribune.The ambitious plan, which integrates the government’s vision of maximum area coverage in terms of higher education at district and provincial levels, will materialise in the next three years, Higher Education Commission documents outline.
MOROCCO: Arts Graduates are a Burden – Minister
# 07, July 2015
Lahcen Daoudi, the minister of higher education, said earlier this month in Rabat that holders of a BA in arts and humanities will be a burden on their families and on the community, writes Larbi Arbaoui for Morocco World News.During his speech at the inauguration of the new branch of professional baccalaureate in Rabat, the minister said that many arts and humanities graduates go back home with “no practical knowledge” that will help them find work. According to the minister, this problem is mainly caused by “the gap between education and the labour market demands”, leading the students to become unemployed and “a burden on society”.
United Kingdom: Government Identifies 190 Fake Universities
# 07, July 2015
A government service exposing fake, online universities has identified 190 bogus institutions selling qualifications as part of a multi-million pound industry, writes Callum Paton for International Business Times.The Higher Education Degree Datacheck, commissioned by the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, has discovered institutions such as the “University of Wolverhamton” (the “p” is missing) and Manchester University (University of Manchester is genuine) passing off degrees to unsuspecting students and willing fraudsters.
VENEZUELA: Professors on $30 a Month Flee Abroad for Better Jobs
# 07, July 2015
Venezuela has already lost many of its brightest young professionals to better paying jobs in more stable countries, and now the South American country is also losing the professors who trained them, writes Jorge Rueda for Associated Press.College professors in this socialist country plagued by a cash crunch, shortages and spiralling inflation are abandoning their jobs in droves, unable or unwilling to survive on salaries as minuscule as US$30 per month at the widely used black market exchange rate.
 
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