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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

KENYA: Why E-learning is the Way to Go in Kenya
# 02, February 2013
Kenyan universities are opening satellite campuses across the country as they seek to meet the growing demand for education. Currently, there are over 29 constituent universities across the country and the number is rising. However, some experts feel there is a better and cheaper way to improve access to education. This is by investing in e-learning.Njambi Muchane, the Director of Kenya School of Government e-learning and Development Institute (eLDi) says that instead of replicating the face-to-face learning in the main campus, universities should set up small offices but train via e-learning.
GERMANY: German University Builds Bridge to Eastern Europe
# 01, January 2013
The Viadrina, as it is known, was founded in 1991, just a year after German reunification and long before Poland became part of the European Union.“It was founded with a clear mission to build a bridge between East and West,” said Annette Bauer, a university spokeswoman. The stated goal is to attract a third of the student body from abroad.Although Germany has a reputation for sending many students overseas, it also hosts the third-largest number of foreign students in Europe, after Britain and France.German universities, which have good reputations and low or no tuition fees, have been attracting more students from Eastern Europe, especially since the region opened up politically.The drawback of often having to learn a complicated language like German is outweighed by easier access and greater opportunities once in the system.Viadrina has one of Germany’s highest rates of students spending part of their studies abroad: 54 percent go overseas for at least a semester. It has partnerships with many overseas universities, from the University of California, Berkeley, to St. Petersburg. Some of the student exchanges are financed by the Erasmus Program, while others rely on joint agreements.
GMAT Retains its Popularity Among MBA Applicants
# 01, January 2013
More and more North American business schools are offering the GRE as an alternative to the GMAT entry test, but prospective students are not interested, it seems. According to a survey from Kaplan Test Prep, which trains students to sit the two tests, 69 per cent of business schools now give applicants the option of submitting scores from the GRE (Graduate Record Exam) rather than the GMAT (Graduate Management Admissions Test), compared to just 24 per cent in 2009. But almost half the business schools surveyed (46 per cent) said that fewer than 10 per cent of applicants submitted a GRE test score.Students may be right to be wary of the GRE, says Kaplan. Although more than two-thirds of business schools (69 per cent) say they view scores from both tests equally, 29 per cent say that applicants who submit a score from the business-focused GMAT rather than the more general GRE are at an advantage.
UK Universities in Online Launch to Challenge US
# 01, January 2013
A partnership of UK universities is launching an online project, challenging US universities that have dominated this emerging market.They will aim to give the public access to higher education courses via computers, tablets or smartphones.The partnership will include the Open University, King's College London, Bristol, Exeter, Warwick, East Anglia, Leeds, Lancaster, Southampton, Cardiff, Birmingham and St Andrews.Courses will be offered from next year.This could "revolutionise conventional models of formal education", says Universities Minister David Willetts.
UK: Britain's First Profit-making University Opened
# 12, December 2012
Britain’s first profit-making university has been created as part of radical Coalition reforms to the higher education system.In a groundbreaking move, it was revealed that the College of Law, the country’s largest provider of legal education and training, had been granted full university status. It is the first private university to be established since Buckingham – officially a charity – was awarded the full title almost 30 years ago. But it the first time a profit-making organisation has been turned into a university. The announcement was made as part of a controversial Government plan to create more diversity in the higher education system.
US Universities Launch Higher Education Initiative for Burma (Myanmar)
# 12, December 2012
Nine top US universities and colleges have formed an academic partnership to help Burma rebuild its higher education capacity, it was announced last week in the wake of a historic visit to the country by US President Barack Obama.Under an initiative launched by the Institute of International Education (IIE), the nine academic institutions will develop institutional partnerships with universities in Burma as part of the IIE’s International Academic Partnership Program (IAPP).
GREECE: Universities to be Upgraded but Numbers Reduced
# 11, November 2012
Education Minister Costas Arvanitopoulos has underlined that “upgrading public universities is a top priority”, while at the same time saying that Greece has too many universities – 40 for a country of 11 million people – and needs to consolidate or merge institutions to reduce costs, writes A Papapostolou for ANA-MPA.Arvanitopoulos said the upgrading of state universities will be promoted through a recently amended law that will improve the institutions’ administration, although it is being fiercely fought by professors and students who don’t want the changes.
UK: Can Universities Afford to Stay Single Any Longer?
# 11, November 2012
Work is under way just outside to build the Francis Crick Institute: a research behemoth that looks set to project three London universities into the global superleague for biomedicine. The site will not be ready until 2015, but already the building is casting a big shadow over the rest of the country.The Crick, as it is known in academia, is intended to develop better treatments for diseases by bringing together scientists from different disciplines to study everything from stem cells to influenza. It is also a thundering testament to the power of partnership.
USA: University of Phoenix to Shutter 115 Locations
# 11, November 2012
The University of Phoenix, the nation’s largest for-profit university, is closing 115 of its brick-and-mortar locations, including 25 main campuses and 90 smaller satellite learning centers. The closings will affect some 13,000 students, about 4 percent of its student body of 328,000.It is also laying off about 800 employees out of a staff of 17,000, according to Mark Brenner, senior vice president for communications at the Apollo Group, which owns the university.
CHINA: New Shanghai College a Lesson in Joint Action
# 11, November 2012
Shanghai New York University, the first institution of higher education jointly established by China and the United States, was officially founded on Monday.The venture will be a melting pot for cultivating innovative talent and will help China tackle its brain drain, experts said."China's education reforms aim to better cultivate student ability to innovate and think independently, to provide comprehensive development and maximize their potential," said Yu Lizhong, president of NYU Shanghai. "That is what this college will do."
AUSTRALIA: The University of Canberra Reinvents Itself With Partnership
# 11, November 2012
The University of Canberra is going national, partnering with the fifth biggest TAFE in Australia - Holmesglen Institute of TAFE in Victoria - to become the University of Canberra Melbourne next year.Vice-chancellor Stephen Parker will today announce the partnership, which will also take the UC brand to Queensland through an agreement with Brisbane's Metropolitan South Institute of TAFE.
UK: Universities Drop Traditional Interviews which Could Favour Private School Pupils
# 11, November 2012
Universities are scrapping traditional interviews over concerns that they favour applicants from middle class families and independent schools.The move follows claims that the usual format, where candidates are questioned by a panel of academics, could give an advantage to confident and articulate pupils who have been coached in how to respond.Instead, interviews are being replaced by a “speed dating” style process where each candidate undergoes a series of brief one-on-one “mini-interviews”, solving problems and taking part in roleplays rather than answering general questions about themselves.The new assessments are seen as fairer because they reward innate skills, such as empathy, rather than eloquence.It comes as universities face increasing pressure from the Government to broaden their intake and admit more students from poorer families and state schools.Sixth formers applying this month to study medicine, dentistry or veterinary science at at least five institutions around the UK will undergo the new speed dating style assessments.
INDIA: Industries May Soon Get a Role in Higher Education
# 10, October 2012
New Delhi: India is preparing to involve industries in higher education in an effort to boost both research and employability.The human resource development (HRD) ministry expects this will, in addition to employability, solve issues related to land availability and finance. In return, the government will give industries independence and fast-track regulatory clearances for opening institutes that will focus on research specific to industry requirements.The ministry, in association with lobby group Confederation of Indian Industries (CII), has invited 17 government departments and ministries and nearly 60 companies to a two-day conference in Delhi.
CANADA Needs More University Grads, Says Post-secondary Schools' Group
# 10, October 2012
Canada’s economy could be in trouble if universities do not start churning out more graduates from all fields of study, including the arts and humanities, says the Association of Universities and Colleges Canada (AUCC), writes Matthew Pearson for Ottawa Citizen.“If we think our economy is going to be healthy going forward without a well-educated population, we’re kidding ourselves. It is not going to happen,” said Stephen Toope, AUCC’s chair and the president of the University of British Columbia.
EUROPE: New EU Group Aims to Tackle Education Challenges
# 09, September 2012
The European Commission has launched a new high-level group on the modernisation of higher education, with seven leading academic and business figures. The group will address this issue as part of a comprehensive three-year review of the sector across the European Union (EU), writes Martin Banks for The Parliament.In its first year, the group will focus on how best to achieve excellence in teaching, and subsequently on how to adapt learning in the digital age.
NORWAY: Increasing Internationalisation in PhD Education
# 09, September 2012
A recent survey suggests that Norway boost its efforts to internationalise PhD education and includes the recommendation that for PhD dissertation evaluation, at least one member of the three-member committee should be drawn from outside Norway.A June report, PhD Education in a Knowledge Society: An evaluation of PhD education in Norway, maintains that Norway’s PhD education system is of a high quality, being well funded and well organised and offering “very good working and learning conditions for PhD candidates, as well as good career prospects”.The report was published by the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU) and commissioned by the Research Council of Norway on behalf of the Ministry of Education and Research.It argues that since the previous similar evaluation in 2002, “Norway has taken a definitive step towards becoming a standardised PhD education system with a strong focus on monitoring quality and efficiency”.
MONGOLIA: State Universities Propose Steep Fee Increases
# 09, September 2012
Mongolia’s Minister of Education, Culture and Science L Gantumur met the directors of state universities on 19 August, with the main item on the agenda the issue of student fees and the quality of universities, writes M Zoljargal for The UB Post. Universities are proposing steep fee hikes.The rector of the National University of Mongolia (NUM), S Tumur-Ochir, stated: “The curriculum of postgraduate and graduate courses is being reformed from the new academic year of 2012. Also, the 70th anniversary of NUM is to be marked on 5 October this year.
INDONESIA: Universities Become Weak Link in Booming Economy
# 09, September 2012
Indonesia’s creaking university system is failing to keep pace with its booming economy. It is struggling to produce graduates equipped for modern working life in the South East Asian nation, writes Arlina Arshad for AFP.Investors have flocked to the fast-modernising country of 240 million people, attracted by its huge domestic market, rich natural resources and relatively low labour costs. But badly resourced universities mean quality graduates are a rare commodity in Indonesia.
CHINA: Shanghai Offers Incentives to Foreign Students
# 09, September 2012
Shanghai is encouraging foreign students to study at local universities with a package that includes scholarships and language training programmes. Municipal officials hope the number of foreign students will increase to 70,000 - a 45% gain - by 2015, writes Wang Hongyi for China Daily.The municipality will establish a comprehensive scholarship system to encourage outstanding students to study in the city, according to a Shanghai Municipal Education Commission development plan for 2011-15, unveiled last weekend. According to the plan, the city will increase the number of government-funded scholarships and add a full scholarship for undergraduates.
NORTH KOREA: University Teaches Market Economy in DPRK
# 08, August 2012
A Korea-born American who heads Pyongyang's only private university is trying to teach students in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea about market economies.The Pyongyang University of Science and Technology, co-founded by Park Chan-mo, is teaching dozens of DPRK citizens about modern market economies, something the state has managed for decades to avoid.
 
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