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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

FRANCE: Research Minister Outlines Steps to Reduce Red Tape
# 04, April 2016
Major changes are coursing through France’s research and higher education system, many of them intended to simplify bureaucracy and promote research excellence, writes Declan Butler for Nature.Higher Education and Research Minister Thierry Mandon, who was minister for state reform and simplification before his current role, told Nature that his most pressing priorities were to “simplify the rules that govern higher education and research; to have more PhD students and researchers recruited by companies and by the public sector, and so instil a culture of research in the places where decisions are made; to help universities to develop their own sources of income, so that they can be more independent of the state; to promote a renaissance of the social sciences; and to spur the digitalisation of higher education.”
SINGAPORE: More Students Expected to Choose Australian Universities
# 04, April 2016
More Singaporean students are expected to head to Australian universities to pursue higher education following Singapore’s recent decision to recognise more Australian degrees in the fields of law, medicine and allied health, as part of the Singapore-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, writes Hetty Musfirah Abdul Khamid for Channel News Asia.A total of 8,165 Singaporean students were enrolled in Australian institutions in 2015. International student placement service IDP Education facilitates the entry of about 1,500 to 2,000 Singaporeans to Australian universities each year, and it is expecting the number to increase. It said there has been growing interest in the areas of allied health such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy.
Japan Draws Foreign Students to Confectionery Schools
# 03, March 2016
The number of students from Asian countries and regions studying Western confectionery making in Japan is rapidly increasing. It is likely that foreign students are attracted by Japan's advanced confectionery production techniques, which are not inferior to the original Western techniques, and the Japanese style of detailed and careful teaching.At the Patissier Department of Tokyo Belle epoque College of Confectionery and Culinary in Edogawa Ward, Tokyo, 12 out of 40 students are foreign. In this two-year course that focuses on practical training, students learn about 270 kinds of confectionery recipes and bread-making techniques in a year.
TAIWAN: Five Million Hold Higher Education Degrees
# 03, March 2016
The number of Taiwanese people with a college, university or other type of higher education degree has increased to five million in 2015, reports The China Post.According to the latest statistics released by the Ministry of the Interior on 12 March, as of the end of 2015, 42.68% of Taiwanese people are college or university degree holders, while 30.92% are high school or vocational high school graduates.The percentage means some 5.06 million Taiwanese people have a college, university or other type of higher education degree, meaning a quarter of the country's population has received higher education.
6% of Japan Uuniversities Use TOEFL, Other 3rd-party English Tests
# 03, March 2016
Only 6.3 pct of Japanese universities use the results of third-party English proficiency tests, such as TOEFL, as part of their regular entrance examinations, an education ministry survey showed.The ministry has been urging universities to measure applicants' English skills in the four categories of reading, writing, speaking and listening through entrance exams, including by using third-party tests such as TOEFL, or the Test of English as a Foreign Language, and Eiken, or the Test in Practical English Proficiency.
CHINA: A New University Every Week
# 03, March 2016
China has been building the equivalent of almost one university per week – part of a silent revolution that is causing a huge shift in the composition of the world's population of graduates, writes Andreas Schleicher for BBC News.In terms of producing graduates, China has overtaken the United States and the combined university systems of European Union countries, and the gap is going to become even wider. Even modest predictions see the number of 25 to 34 year-old graduates in China rising by a further 300% by 2030, compared with an increase of around 30% expected in Europe and the United States.
INDIA: Prime Minister Pushes Plan to Set up Private Universities
# 01, January 2016
The prime minister’s office has instructed the human resource development ministry to fast-track a plan to set up 10 private autonomous universities for research and innovation. The move could pave the way for world-class private institutions for higher studies to come up in the country.These institutions, unlike the current lot of private universities regulated by the University Grants Commission, will be free of government control and have their own curriculum and fees. They will have full autonomy in hiring faculty and all other aspects of administration, sources said.
CHILE: Free Higher Education a Right, not a Gift
# 01, January 2016
President Michelle Bachelet said last week that free higher education in Chile, which will come into effect in 2016 after 35 years during which all students paid tuition, "is a right, not a gift", reports Latino Fox News."We always believed that education is a right and the fact that we are moving ahead strongly in that direction fills us with joy," said the president, who recently visited the home of a student whose studies at the University of Chile this year will cost him nothing.In the first year of free university education, some 165,000 students will enjoy the new measure.
IRAN: Gradual Opening of Higher Education Sector Likely as Sanctions Lifted
# 01, January 2016
Experts predict that the lifting of sanctions on Iran is likely to lead to a “gradual opening” of its higher education sector, but collaborations with neighbouring Gulf nations will be limited, writes Ellie Bothwell for Times Higher Education.Philip Altbach, founding director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College, said the largest impact of the end of sanctions is “likely to be an increase in the number of Iranian students seeking to study in Western countries”.
AUSTRALIA: Major Institutional Reforms Approved in ‘Secret Meeting’
# 01, January 2016
The governing body of the University of Sydney voted to shrink its number of faculties from 16 to six and cut elected positions from its senate in what critics have called a "secret meeting" late last year, writes Angela Lavoipierre for ABC The changes were voted on in the last meeting of the year for the University of Sydney senate, when many students had left for the break and others were engrossed in exams.Several major changes were passed, among them, an extensive restructure of the faculties and changes to the senate itself. The particulars of the restructure have not been announced.
IRELAND: Foreign Student Increase to Boost Colleges
# 01, January 2016
A third-level strategy due to be published in the coming weeks has set out a significant increase in the numbers of international students entering the higher education system in the next five years, writes Elaine Loughlin for the Irish Examiner.Increasing the number of foreign students who choose to study here would bring an extra €720 million (US$780 million) into the economy, Education Minister Jan O’Sullivan said. “We are trying to get the brand of education in Ireland as something that people can aspire to,” she said.
PERU: Market and State do Battle over Higher Education Law
# 01, January 2016
“Education cannot be regulated by the market,” declared Peru’s President Ollanta Humala following the approval of the ‘University Law’ which ushers in some of the most sweeping changes that Peruvian higher education has ever seen.The law passed last year establishes a statutory framework for the first time and obliges university teaching faculty to possess at least a postgraduate degree (such as a masters), have a roster of permanent lecturers and requires the award of bachelor degrees to be dependent on completion of an investigative thesis or professional development. The ruling also attempts to prevent private universities becoming piggy banks for their owners and management by subjecting them to a stricter tax regime.
FINLAND: Foreign Students Face Tuition Fees from Next Year
# 01, January 2016
The Finnish parliament has decided to impose tuition fees for non-European university-level students. The ruling, passed by a vote of 137-46 in December, will affect students from outside the European Union or European Economic Area.A fee of at least €1,500 (US$1,640) will be charged per school year for those studying towards degrees in languages other than Finnish or Swedish, apparently beginning in August 2017. The fees will not be levied on doctoral students or researchers. Universities will also establish a financial aid system offering scholarships to assist students in paying their fees.
INDONESIA: Bilingual Curriculum to Be Compulsory in Universities
# 12, December 2015
The government will make it compulsory for university students to interact in English in order to prepare them to compete in the ASEAN – Association of Southeast Asian Nations – Economic Community, which comes into effect at the start of 2016, reports The Jakarta Post.Research, Technology and Higher Education Minister Muhammad Nasir said recently that the ministry was preparing a bilingual curriculum that would use both Bahasa Indonesia and English in universities nationwide starting in 2016.
NEW ZEALAND: Maori Success in Education Calls for Celebration
# 12, December 2015
Maori success in education is being celebrated as new research shows more are graduating from university – with more than half being the first in their immediate family to do so, writes Corazon Miller for NZ Herald.The University of Otago study has revealed that nearly half of recent Maori graduates were the first among their immediate family, one third were parents and almost three-quarters were female. The findings are from the Graduate Longitudinal Study New Zealand, an ongoing project that over a 10-year period is investigating the employment, health and social outcomes of more than 8,700 graduates from all eight universities in the country.
MALAYSIA: Government Urged to Upgrade One or Two Universities
# 12, December 2015
The government has been urged to pick one or two public universities to be upgraded to global status. Conference organising chairman of the 2015 meeting of the Chairmen of the Board of Directors (Public Universities), Tun Zaki Tun Azmi, said the aim could be met if one or two were nurtured into becoming the 20 best in the world, reports Bernama."To implement the proposal, the government, for example, must appoint the best from among local or foreign candidates as vice-chancellors to manage the administration of the universities," he said in his speech at the conference last Tuesday. He said the funds to send local students abroad could be used to hire the best lecturers for the selected universities. Every public university in Malaysia must cooperate by giving their full support to the selected universities and dispel any feeling of jealousy, he added.
INDIA: Fears of WTO Effect on College Fees
# 12, December 2015
A group of academics has urged the central government not to sign a treaty at an upcoming World Trade Organization meeting that they said would turn higher education into a business, encourage foreign universities to set up shop in India, and drive fees through the roof, reports The Telegraph India.India and 48 other World Trade Organization, or WTO, member countries had in 2005 offered to make higher education a ‘tradable service’ and would this month face pressure to implement it, the academics said. The treaty's features, they said, would include: a level playing field for all universities and colleges – private or public-funded, Indian or foreign; the removal of any government regulation over education fees; and a nod to profits being distributed among the shareholders.
Wave of Mergers Sweeps Over European Universities
# 12, December 2015
It’s not just big business; merger mania has hit universities across Europe. Since 2000, the number of university mergers have increased substantially and almost 100 mergers have taken place, according to a report by the European University Association, writes Aamna Mohdin for Quartz.Denmark kickstarted merger fever in 2007, halving the number of institutions in the country. Belgium followed between 2009 and 2011. A series of individual mergers resulted in the broader trend of establishing university communities in France; the world-famous Sorbonne could become part of a much larger Paris university in the next few years. Mergers have been a more isolated phenomenon in Germany, Italy, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Estonia has cut its universities by a quarter.
VIETNAM: Universities to Offer Professionally Oriented Training
# 12, December 2015
The Ministry of Education and Training said the professionally oriented higher education model must be used at universities and colleges to make sure graduates are qualified to get jobs without needing to be retrained, reports VNS.At a recent conference, Nguyen Thi Kim Phung, acting head of the ministry of education and training's higher education department, said that employers' demands regarding employees' knowledge, soft skills and work attitudes were increasing. But these skills have remained shortcomings in new graduates. Reforming higher education has become one of the ministry's main tasks. The connection between universities and colleges and enterprises was given priority to create more chances for new graduates to get jobs, she said.
CHINA: Ideological Grip at Odds with Educational Aims
# 11, November 2015
A new government plan to create ‘world class’ universities in the coming decades could be undermined by the Communist Party's determination to keep a firm ideological grip over education, writes Li Jing for South China Morning Post.In a plan released recently, the State Council called for the nation to become "a world power of higher education" by 2050. Some disciplines and institutions should be elevated to global standard by 2020, and the number should be increased over the ensuing decade, it said, without giving specifics or criteria. The blueprint also called for stronger party leadership and ideological work at higher education institutions.
 
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