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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

HUNGARY: Number of Students Admitted Falls 20% since 2010
# 04, April 2015
The number of students admitted to higher education institutions in Hungary has fallen by over 20% since 2010, according to a report issued by the Center for International Higher Education Studies. This makes Hungary one of the few OECD member states in which the number of higher education students has declined over the past four years, reports Hungary Today. Although figures are still unavailable for the year 2015, experts do not expect a large increase in the number of applicants and claim that rapid changes in rules applying to university and college admissions have had a negative effect on students’ willingness to study in higher education. 
PAKISTAN: Institution Numbers Rise, but Quality is Sinking
# 04, April 2015
As the number of public sector universities has increased sharply during the last decade, the declining standards of teaching and research work, plagiarism, mismanagement, financial irregularities and establishment of illegal campuses pose a major challenge to policy-makers and higher education managers, writes Riazul Haq for The Express Tribune.According to Higher Education Commission, or HEC, data, the number of public universities has increased 400%, from 30 in 2002 to over 160 in 2015. But when it comes to quality of administration and teaching faculty, most of the universities have failed to meet the standards.
TAIWAN: University Subsidy Funding to be Decreased
# 04, April 2015
Subsidy funding for universities in the five-year-plan era will shrink by 15% from next year following a report by the Legislative Yuan’s Budget Center that said the plan has failed to meet three intended targets, as well as noting National Taiwan University’s first-ever slide in its world ranking, write Wu Po-hsuan, Rachel Lin and Jake Chung for Taipei Times.The plan is the second stage of the Road to Top Notch Universities Project that began in 2011, with the Ministry of Education allocating TWD$50 billion (US$1.6 billion) over five years to universities in the hope of boosting research facilities and international reputations.
CHINA: Mainland Students Flock to Macau Universities
# 03, March 2015
Just as casinos have proliferated across Macau in the past 15 years, so too have colleges. When the city returned to Chinese sovereignty in 1999, it was home to two universities and two tertiary institutions. Since then the total has more than doubled to 10. That's a lot of college places for a city of just 600,000 people. Perhaps not surprisingly, most of the slack is being taken up by students from mainland China, writes Elaine Yau for the South China Morning Post.While undergraduate applications from China fell at several Hong Kong universities last year, the reverse was true in the former Portuguese enclave. The Macau University of Science and Technology, for example, received about 7,000 applications from China last year – a 30% increase from 2013. Now close to half of its 7,500 undergraduate students come from China.
MIDDLE EAST: Report Shows Limited Social Sciences in Universities
# 03, March 2015
A new report has found that despite the rapid growth of universities in the Arab world, the social sciences are only offered by 55% of them, reports Rasha Faek for Al-Fanar.“This might be due to the fact that most existing universities in the region are relatively young,” said Mohammed Bamyeh, a sociology professor at the University of Pittsburgh in the United States and the author of a new report Forms of Presence of the Social Sciences in the Arab Region. “After all, 97% of Arab universities – 491 out of 508 – were created after 1950,” said Bamyeh.
CHINA: Probe Starts into Textbooks with ‘Western Values’
# 03, March 2015
China is launching a nationwide investigation on the use of foreign textbooks at Chinese universities and colleges, following a previous government pledge to reject texts spreading “Western values” at the nation’s centres of higher education, writes Laura He for MarketWatch.Several universities in Beijing received notifications from the Ministry of Education requiring instructors to fill out investigation forms about the presence and use of “foreign textbooks in original languages” in class, the government-run Beijing Youth Daily reported recently.
HUNGARY: Government Mulls Tuition Fees for Some Courses
# 03, March 2015
The state secretariat’s new higher education strategy reveals that the government is considering the introduction of a tuition fee for several popular university programmes, while other programmes, such as degrees in communication, would be abolished completely, reports Hungary Today. The Ministry of Human Resources had recently informed university and college deans of the plan, which includes the cancellation of several popular programmes, such as degrees in communication. Other courses – such as andragogy – would be available only to students prepared to pay a tuition fee. Other popular programmes will be available only at the National University of Public Service if the strategy, which foresees a 15% reduction in the total number of courses, is implemented. Changes are expected to take effect in September 2016 if the strategy is adopted. 
INDIA: Poor Higher Education Forcing Students Abroad
# 03, March 2015
In the absence of quality higher education and with none of the Indian Institutes of Technology making it into the rankings of the world's top research institutions, Indian students spend US$6-7 billion (approximately Rs45,000 crore) annually in seeking greener pastures in foreign universities, writes Anuradha Himatsingka for The Economic Times. This was according to a joint study by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India and Tata Institute of Social Sciences on “Realigning Skilling Towards Make in India”, part of which noted: "Indians spend about $6-7 billion every year in sending their children abroad for higher education. Only a miniscule number of them choose to return home. It is not just the elite who spend generously on a good education and credentials; middle-class families also spend their life-time savings to educate their children abroad." 
JAPAN: New Screening Styles at Top Universities
# 03, March 2015
The University of Tokyo and Kyoto University are scheduled to introduce recommendation-based admissions as well as so-called admission office (AO) exams based on interviews and essays for the first time this autumn. Taken ahead of the Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Ministry’s planned reform of college and university entrance examinations, the move by the two universities reflects a sense of crisis that they will not be able to survive amid international competition if they stick to conventional knowledge-based exams.
UK: European Universities to be Part of Ucas Admissions
# 02, February 2015
High standards of teaching and lower fees make studying for a degree in Europe an attractive option for many UK students.British sixth-formers will be able to apply to continental European universities through the UK admissions system for the first time, under a landmark reform that will transform the higher education market, the Guardian can reveal. The change, promoted by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (Ucas) as extending student choice and reflecting the increasingly globalised nature of higher education, is likely to accelerate the steady increase in the number of young Britons studying abroad. The trend has already been boosted by a boom in the number of courses taught entirely in English by continental universities and priced well below the maximum £9,000-a-year annual UK tuition fee or, in some countries, with no fee at all. 
NETHERLANDS: Competition for Masters Students Heats Up
# 02, February 2015
A few years ago it would have been unthinkable, but now Dutch universities are competing with each other for masters students, reports Dutch News. According to the Volkskrant universities are advertising in each other’s magazines and hanging up posters on competing campuses to try to attract students. In 2011 just under 3,000 students switched to a different university for their masters degree. In 2014 that had risen to almost 5,000, figures from the Dutch university association VSNU show. Erasmus University Rotterdam attracted over 500 students from other universities and says attracting more is a priority for the next four years.
SOUTH AFRICA: Minister ‘Not Likely’ to Agree to Four-year Degree
# 02, February 2015
A Council on Higher Education proposal to extend tertiary undergraduate studies by a year to improve student performance stands a good chance of being snubbed by the government, writes Bongani Nkosi for the Mail & Guardian.Dr Blade Nzimande, the minister of higher education and training, is considering the recommendation that the council has advised him to implement at all universities. The proposed additional first year would be used to prepare students at both universities and universities of technology. The statutory body – set up to advise the minister – wrote to Nzimande in December, saying the proposed curriculum reform is “both educationally sound and practically feasible”.
SOUTH KOREA: Four Universities Face Recruitment Ban
# 02, February 2015
Four universities will be banned from accepting foreign students for one year, starting this autumn semester, as punishment for poorly managing non-Korean students, reports The Korea Times.According to the Ministry of Justice, they are: Hansei University, Jeonbuk Science College, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, and Taegu Science University. Those universities will not be able to issue visas for foreign students including freshmen, transfer students and those for language training courses. Foreign students who are currently attending courses will not be affected.
DENMARK: 'Worst Idea Ever' to End English Education
# 02, February 2015
The suggestion by the Danish People's Party, or DF, that Denmark's universities should stop offering courses in English was roundly criticised by political opponents and readers, who said that the real losers would be Danish students, reports The Local.Offering university courses in English “makes no sense” according to the anti-immigration DF, which has once again called for Danish universities to abandon teaching in a second language. DF’s education spokesman, Jens Henrik Thulesen Dahl, told Metroxpress that eliminating English-language courses would put an end to foreign students coming to Denmark and receiving a student stipend from the government.
INDIA: Japanese Universities Woo Indian Students With Cost Savings
# 02, February 2015
Japanese universities are going all out to give their American and European counterparts a run for their money in wooing Indian students for higher education studies, writes Amit Mitra for The Hindu. Their unique selling proposition: study in a top notch university in Japan for nearly half the cost of studying in the West. And backing their efforts are a clutch of top Japanese brands, such as Sony, Canon, Toshiba and Mitsubishi, which are sweetening the offer by promising placements in Japan or in their Indian subsidiaries. More than 1,200 Japanese companies are operating in India today.
FRANCE: Plans for Top-10 Mega-university
# 12, December 2014
Imagine the chagrin of French universities whenever international rankings are published. The top places are invariably filled with the United States and United Kingdom academic powerhouses. And then coming up fast are ambitious Asian universities. French universities are conspicuous by their absence. That could all change from next year, writes Sean Coughlan for BBC News. As part of a huge government-driven academic and economic project, there will be a new university called Paris-Saclay, with a campus south of the French capital.
CHILE: Minister Promises Free Higher Education by 2016
# 12, December 2014
Chile’s Minister of the Interior Rodrigo Peñailillo announced earlier this month that university education would be free by 2016, reports Telesur.“In March 2016 we will start with the free higher education, now that we have the resources [to implement the reform], as we approved the fiscal reform,” said Peñailillo. “Issues of education, that address inequality, are at the core of the people's concerns and we are working on it with the government,” added Peñailillo in an interview with Radio Cooperativa.
IRELAND: Indian Giant Gives Lifeline to Struggling Universities
# 12, December 2014
India's richest company, the Tata group, is forging a deal to transform Ireland into the world's first stop for e-learning and earn millions for the country's floundering universities. Senior executives from Tata, which has a market capitalisation of €134 billion (US$166 billion), met Taoiseach Enda Kenny and Minister for Jobs Richard Bruton to progress the plans last week.Natarajan Chandrasekaran, the chief executive of Tata Consultancy Services – who informally is referred to as Chandra – is spearheading the deal. As well as meeting government leaders, he addressed the heads of the country's universities at a glitzy showcase in Dublin's Shelbourne Hotel.
SOUTH AFRICA: Universities Offer Online Courses Worldwide
# 12, December 2014
Two top South African universities are, for the first time, offering massive online open courses – MOOCs – to thousands of students through international MOOC providers, writes Tanya Farber for BDLive.The University of the Witwatersrand, or Wits, last week said it was partnering with non-profit MOOC provider edX, which was founded by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT. The edX community in Africa has more than 200,000 students who will now be able to access free courses offered at Wits for which they will receive an edX certificate on completion – and for which they will not have to pay a cent.
GREECE: Over 100 000 Greek Scientists Working Abroad
# 12, December 2014
In the midst of the financial crisis that hit Greece over five years ago, young people are leaving the country in search of a better future. This is another tragic side effect of the crisis that has cost Greece some of its brightest young scientists, writes Ioanna Zikakou for Greek Reporter.More than 100,000 Greek scientists are working or looking for a better job position abroad. Meanwhile, 30,000 Greeks are also studying out of the country and plan on setting up their lives away from their homeland.
 
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